PERBANDINGAN CERITA RAKYAT SASAK DAN SAMAWA: UPAYA MEMAHAMI MASYARAKAT SASAK DAN SAMAWA

Syaiful Bahri

Abstract


In this paper, there are two problems to be answered, namely are (1) the comparison between Sasak and Samawa folktales and (2) the description of Sasak and Samawa people based on the folktales. The folktales used as data are (1) Batu Goloq (Sasak) and Batu Plantolan (Samawa); Mandalika (Sasak) and Lala Buntar (Samawa); and (3) Tegodek dait Tetuntel (Sasak) and Ne Bote Ne Kakura (Samawa). Data are gathered through library research. Problems are answered using Levi-Strauss structural theory saying that tale is the gate of understanding the people. It is found that the relation of each group of tales shows a consistency in similarities and differences. Batu Goloq and Batu Plantolan give a description that Sasak people tend to solve problems by themselves as a consequence of being closed people, while Samawa people tend to invite others in solving their problems as a consequence of  being  opened people. The similar characters found in Mandalika and Lala Buntar specifically in miteme processing, in taking decision, and solving problems. Mandalika is characterized as a closed figure, while Lala Buntar is an opened one in deciding and solving the problems. The comparison between Tegodek dait Tetuntel and Ne Bote Ne Kakura shows that Sasak and Samawa people tend to protest any mistreatment from high class community toward a lower class community. It is the manifestation of the same view toward refusal and disagreement to the oppression done by high status people.


Keywords


folktales; comparative; structural Levi-Strauss

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri. (2003). “Dari Antropologi Budaya ke Sastra dan Sebaliknya” dalam Sastra Interdisipliner: Menyandingkan Sastra dan Disiplin Ilmu Sosial Lainnya. Sirojuddin Arif (penyunting). Yogyakarta: Qalam.

Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri. (2013). Strukturalisme Levi-Strauss: Mitos dan Karya Sastra. Yogyakarta: Kepel Press.

Bahri, Syaiful dkk. (2015). “Relasi Kekerabatan Sastra Sasak dan Samawa di Pulau Lombok dan Sumbawa” (Laporan Penelitian). Mataram: Kantor Bahasa NTB.

Bahri, Syaiful. (2014). “Analisis Struktural Fabel Tegodek dait Tetuntel: Representasi Perilaku dalam Masyarakat Sasak. Jurnal Mabasan Volume 8 Nomor 2 Juli—Desember 2014. Mataram: Kantor Bahasa Provinsi NTB.

Burhanuddin. (2010). “Sejarah Komunitas Sumbawa di Pulau Lombok: Suatu Telaah Perspektif Linguistik”. Mataram: Universitas Mataram.

Damono, Sapardi Djoko. (2009). Sastra Bandingan. Jakarta: Editum.

Danandjaja, James. (2002). Folklor Indonesia: Ilmu Gosip, Dongeng, dan Lain-Lain. Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Endraswara, Suwardi. (2009). Metode Penelitian Folklor: Konsep, Teori, dan Aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo.

Endraswara, Suwardi. (2011). Sastra Bandingan: Pendekatan dan Teori Pengkajian. Yogyakarta: Lumbung Ilmu.

Eriyanto. (2013). Analisis Naratif: Dasar-dasar dan Penerapannya dalam Analisis Teks Berita Media. Jakarta: Kencana.

Mahsun, (2006). Bahasa dan Relasi Sosial: Telaah Kesepadanan Adaptasi Linguistik dengan Adaptasi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Gama Media.

Mantja, Lalu. (2011). Sumbawa pada Masa Dulu (Suatu Tinjauan Sejarah). Sumbawa Besar: Samratulangi.

Mbete, Aron Meko. (1990). “Rekonstruksi Protobahasa Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa” (Disertasi). Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. (2009). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Rokhman, Muh. Arif. (2003). “Pendahuluan: dari Monodisipliner menuju Interdisipliner” dalam Sastra Interdisipliner: Menyandingkan Sastra dengan Disiplin Ilmu Sosial. Sirojuddin Arif (penyunting). Yogyakarta: Qalam.Safarudin, Balok. 2011. Kumpulan Cerita Rakyat Sasak. Pringgabaya: CV Gumi Sasak.

Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Taum, Yoseph Yapi. (2011). Studi Sastra Lisan: Sejarah, Teori, Metode, dan Pendekatan Disertai Contoh Penerapannya. Yogyakarta: Lamalera.

Wacana, Lalu. (1988). Sejarah Daerah Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jakarta: Depdikbud.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/mab.v12i2.58

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 MABASAN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

MABASAN INDEXED BY:

Google ScholarIndonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD)GarudaOnesearchMorarefPKP Index

________________________________________________________________________________

@2018 MABASAN, Kantor Bahasa NTB. Powered by OJS  ©Designed by donz